Gothic Literature Elements Essay
646 WordsJan 15th, 20133 Pages
Edgar Allen Poe was a popular author of gothic literature. Gothic Literature is a genre of writing that is dark or strange. There are eight elements of gothic literature. There has to be at least one of the eight elements for a piece of writing to be considered gothic. In "The Masque of the Red Death" three of the elements are a tyrannical male, a metonymy of gloom and horror, and supernatural elements.
The first element used was a tyrannical male. All throughout Prince Prospero's kingdom, his people are dying from a horrible plague known as "The Red Death". Around every corner, people are dying or already dead, covered in the infamous scarlet red blood that is the most obvious sign of the red death, and all the prince could do was sit in…show more content…
As it drew closer to midnight, a mysterious figure appeared in the crowd. No one had seen this guest before and they were all quite alarmed by his sudden arrival. "Then, summoning the wild courage of despair, a throng of the revelers at opne threw themselves into the black apartment, and, seizing the mummer, whose tall figure stood erect and motionless within the shadow of the ebony clock, gasped in unutterable horror at finding the grave cerements and corpselike mask which they handled with so violent a rudeness, untenanted by any tangible form." pr. 11 As the guests attempted to capture the stranger, they realize that the clothing and mask are being worn by no human or object, and the red death had slipped it's way into the castle. There is no reasonable explaination for the mysterious figure that walked through the party and then just disappeared like an eerie mist, leaving the reader to assume that it was supernatural.
There are many elements of gothic literature in "The Masque of the Red Death". The three elements mentioned before are a tyrannical male, a metonymy of gloom and horror and supernatural elements. The tyrannical male, Prince Prospero, deserted the people of his kingdom when they needed him the most. The ebony clock that chimed every hour, on the hour, symbolized how much time the guests had left. The mysterious, disappearing figure entered and exited the party like a phantom. "The Masque of the Red Death" is an
Frankenstein as a Gothic Novel Essay
1332 Words6 Pages
Tragic wanderers, ominous atmosphere, symbolism, and themes: these are elements of a Gothic novel. Though Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, written in the early 19th century, certainly contains many components of a Gothic novel, can it be correctly grouped under that genre?
A definition of a Gothic novel; according to Tracy, is a description of a fallen world. We experience this fallen world though the aspects of a novel: plot, setting, characterization, and theme (De Vore, Domenic, Kwan and Reidy). As well, early Gothic novels have characterized themselves through the use of moral commitment and exotic atmosphere in their themes (Lowry 32). Stock characters that were typically present in Gothic literature were the social outcast, the…show more content…
Frankenstein’s use of atmosphere and imagery is used in a typical Gothic setting – dark in nature. In James Whale’s 1931 adaptation of Frankenstein, imagery such as crosses, a statue of Death, and a crucified Jesus Christ are shown to give a first impression into the macabre nature of Henry Frankenstein’s gathering of corpses. As the plot advances, rain and thunder are added to show pathetic fallacy to foreshadow the creation of the monster and warn the viewer of the dangers of the monster’s creation. The dark setting of the castle is typical of the Gothic genre, and also contrasts with the use of light and fire as horrifying to the monster, a creature of darkness by nature. In Chapter 5 of Frankenstein, the creature’s ugliness is exemplied from Victor Frankenstein’s point of view: "It was on a dreary night of November, that I beheld the accomplishments of my toils. With an anxiety that almost amounted to agony . . . I saw the dull yellow eye of the creature open; it breath hard, and a convulsive motion agitated its limbs" (Shelley 56). Levine’s analysis of Chapter 5 tells of the horrors Victor experiences when creating the monster, experiencing his lover, Elizabeth turn from beauty into death and decay in his dream. This foreshadows Victor’s grievance and turn to vengeance over the monster’s killing out of those he loves – being rejected as an ugly and demonic being (Levine 21). Shelley