Vaiko Mother Tongue Essay

Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
ConstituencyTamil Nadu
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
Preceded byV. Alagirisamy
Succeeded byA. Ravichandran
Founder and General Secretary of the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam


Assumed office
6 May 1994
Preceded byPosition created
Personal details
BornVaiyapuri Gopalsamy
(1944-05-22) 22 May 1944 (age 73)
Kalingapatti, Sankarankovil, Madras Presidency, British India (now in Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India)
Political partyMarumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (from 6 May 1994)
Other political
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (till 6 May 1994)
ChildrenDurai Vaiyapuri, Rajalakshmi, Kannagi[2]
ResidenceAnna Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Vaiyapuri Gopalsamy , well known as Vaiko is an Indian politician from Tamil Nadu. He is the founder and General Secretary of the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK), a political party active mainly in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.


Vaiko was born to a farming family in Kalingapatty near Sankarankovil, Madras Presidency.In a Telugu Naidu family..[3][4]


He graduated with a Gold Medal in his Bachelor of arts degree in economics from St. Xavier's College, Palayamkottai and masters from Presidency College, Chennai. He obtained his bachelor's degree in law from Madras Law College.[5] He is an avid reader and orator known for his oratory skills both in Tamil and English. He has two daughters and a son.

Political career[edit]

Vaiko is the general secretary of the MDMK party..

Vaiko was a part of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and was formerly seen as the ideological protege of former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Kalaignar M.Karunanidhi.[citation needed] Vaiko was detained for more than a year in 1976-77 during the Emergency and for 40 days on charges of organising black flag demonstration against former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's visit to Tamil Nadu in October 1977.[citation needed] He has been arrested multiple times for peaceful demonstrations especially during the 1986-87 anti Hindi agitations.[citation needed]

He entered the Rajya Sabha in 1978 and has been member of the Upper House for three terms. He has also been elected to the Lok Sabha twice.[4] In 1993, Vaiko started MDMK due to differences with Karunanidhi amid rumblings that Karunanidhi promoted his son M. K. Stalin to succeed him.[citation needed]

Vaiko was known as "Tiger Of Parliament" due to his vociferous speeches in Parliament.[6][7] Vaiko protested against Kerala's demand for a new dam at Mullaperiyar and proposed building of dams in Pambar and Siruvani. Vaiko also supported national interlinking of rivers and Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project. Vaiko filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in Madras High Court requesting closure of the copper smelting plant of Sterlite Industries in Tuticorin which did not follow the waste management procedures correctly and leading to the closure of the plant.[8]

Vaiko often goes on foot marches along with his party cadres to attract attention to issues.[9]

Support of LTTE[edit]

Vaiko unequivocally supported LTTE and other organizations fighting for a separate Tamil country in Sri Lanka. He made a trip to Eelam at the height of the LTTE's war with Sri Lankan Army.[10] Vaiko was the first member of Parliament and chief of a registered political party in the country to be detained under the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002.[11] He was released after spending 18 months in prison.[12]

In 2008, Criminal Investigation Department of Tamil Nadu police arrested Vaiko on charges of sedition.[13] The charges stemmed from speeches Vaiko made at a party meeting on the Sri Lankan issue and the government's raids into LTTE-held areas on 21 October 2008.[13] After 14 days in judicial custody, Vaiko was released.[14]

Vaiko has said that India should retract its ban on the LTTE, claiming the ban was a shield to suppress freedom of expression and stifle the voice of the Opposition.[15][16]

In 3 April 2017 Vaiko was jailed in for sedition case filed by DMK in their 2010 regime.[17]


In 2005, Vaiko started the Marumalarchi Blood Donors' Club.[18] Vaiko has launched many engagement programmes in rural areas with the participation of villagers.[19] Vaiko has undergone a month-long padayatra in Tamil Nadu for the interlinking of inter state rivers in India.[20]

Personal life[edit]

He married Renuka Devi on 14 June 1971. Vaiko enjoys writing in his free time and has authored over 50 books apart from regular essays and columns in newspapers.[21][22][23][24][25][26]


External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vaiko.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Vaiko

Ей было безразлично, чем именно он занят, лишь бы не заинтересовался включенным «ТРАНСТЕКСТОМ». Пока этого, по-видимому, не случилось: цифра 16 в окне отсчета часов заставила бы его завопить от изумления. Сьюзан допивала уже третью чашку чая, когда это наконец произошло: компьютер пискнул. Пульс ее участился.

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